Ohio Model Curriculum – Physics

Alignment with Garden


1)  Overall Goals


• Know, use and interpret scientific explanations of the natural world;

-Hydrology, habitat alteration and development, and plant communities all relate to the creation of habitat for living organisms.

-Students can relate the role of gardens to the environment and natural world

• Generate and evaluate scientific evidence and explanations, distinguishing science from pseudoscience

-Students will be able to gather various plant data from the gardens, and will be able to explain and analyze the data collected

• Understand the nature and development of scientific knowledge;

-The gardens  allows the students to understand that scientific knowledge is constantly changing and improving.

-Students will be able to learn new ways to better improve gardens

• Participate productively in scientific practices and discourse.

-Students could create experiments related to the gardens

-They can collect data/ observations which is very important in science practices

2) Specific Curricular Goals

Science Inquiry and Application

• Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations;

-Students determine the quality of the garden  in its environment  based on observations and specific plants located. They identify questions and concepts that link biological findings to the physical environment, i.e. Is this plant the right plant for this garden? What role does this garden have in the ecosystem?

• Design and conduct scientific investigations;

- Students can create gardens, and collect data on the impact it has in the environment, thus conducting experiments


• Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications;

-The use of smartphones and QR codes can be used as a technological aid in identifying the plants in the various types of gardens.


• Formulate and revise explanations and models using logic and evidence (critical thinking);

- The gardens can be used a model gardens for citizens in the community

- They can also determine  future development of gardens that will be best suitable for the environment.


• Recognize and analyze explanations and models; and

-Students relate habitat to the biology of plants located in specific gardens. They can determine why specific habitats support specific plants and what roles these plants have.


• Communicate and support a scientific argument.

- Students use their own data to determine the quality of the garden create and argue why the garden is beneficial or not.

Course Content




Graph interpretations

  • Position vs. time

  • Velocity vs. time

  • Acceleration vs. time

Problem solving

  • Using graphs (average velocity, instantaneous velocity, acceleration, displacement, change in velocity)

  • Uniform acceleration including freefall (initial velocity, final velocity, time, displacement, acceleration, average velocity)



  • Independence of horizontal and vertical motion

  • Problem-solving involving horizontally launched projectiles

Forces, Momentum and Motion

  • Newton’s laws applied to complex problems

  • Gravitational force and fields

  • Elastic forces

  • Friction force (static and kinetic)

  • Air resistance and drag

  • Forces in two dimensions

  1. adding vector forces

  2. motion down inclines

  3. centripetal forces and circular motion

  • Momentum, impulse and conservation of momentum

-Students can graph and measure the displacement of themselves to the tree


  • Gravitational potential energy

  • Energy in springs

  • Nuclear energy

  • Work and power

  • Conservation of energy

-Students can observe the flow of energy and talk about the energy shift to and from the organisms surrounding the area.


  • Wave properties

  1. conservation of energy

  2. reflection

  3. refraction

  4. interference

  5. diffraction

  • Light phenomena

  1. ray diagrams (propagation of light)

  2. law of reflection (equal angles)

  3. snell’s law

  4. diffraction patterns

  5. wave - particle duality of light

  6. visible spectrum and colour

Electricity and Magnetism

  • Charging objects (friction, contact and induction)

  • Coulomb’s law

  • Electric fields and electric potential energy

  • DC circuits

  1. ohm’s law

  2. series circuits

  3. parallel circuits

  4. mixed circuits

  5. applying conservation of charge and energy (junction and loop rules)

  • Magnetic fields and energy

  • Electromagnetic interactions

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *