This page features the ETA protocol aligned to the Ohio Science Standards.

Ohio Model Curriculum – Environmental Science

Alignment with ETA


1)  Overall Goals


• Know, use and interpret scientific explanations of the natural world;


• Generate and evaluate scientific evidence and explanations, distinguishing science from pseudoscience


• Understand the nature and development of scientific knowledge;


• Participate productively in scientific practices and discourse.


2) Specific Curricular Goals

Science Inquiry and Application

• Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations;


• Design and conduct scientific investigations;


• Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications;


• Formulate and revise explanations and models using logic and evidence (critical thinking);

• Recognize and analyze explanations and models; and


• Communicate and support a scientific argument.

Course Content


Earth Systems: Interconnected Spheres of Earth

  • Biosphere

    • Evolution and adaptation in populations

      • Students will be able to observe different changes in the trees that may have helped it survive at one point in its life

    • Biodiversity

      • Students will be able to see the different abundance of not only trees and shrubs but also humans and animals

    • Ecosystems (equilibrium, species interactions, stability)

      • Students will be able to observe the impact that humans and animals have on the trees based on the way that they grow and if the tree needs maintenance

    • Population dynamics

      • Students will be able to see different species of trees while conducting the tree survey

  • Atmosphere

    • Atmospheric properties and currents

  • Lithosphere

    • Geologic events and processes

      • Students will be able to observe different types of soils and rocks that are located near the tree

  • Hydrosphere

    • Oceanic currents and patterns (as they relate to climate)

    • Surface and groundwater flow patterns and movement

    • Cryosphere

  • Movement of matter and energy through the hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere and biosphere

    • Energy transformations on global, regional and local scales

    • Biogeochemical cycles

    • Ecosystems

    • Climate and weather

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